Enlarged Prostate

Think of a walnut and that is the size and shape of a healthy prostate, a gland whose main job is to make fluid for semen. As they age, almost all men will experience an enlarged prostate, which is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The good news is BPH is not cancer nor does it raise your risk for prostate cancer. It can, however, lead to urinary issues. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of an enlarged prostate, turn to Mercy Specialty Clinics, Urology, considered among the best urology specialists in Iowa.

Symptoms of Enlarged Prostate

Because the prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the narrow tube that carries urine out of your body, an enlarged prostate can block the urethra so that you experience:

  • Weak urine stream—with slowness or dribbling
  • Difficulty starting to urinate
  • Frequent urination—including two or more times at night
  • Urgent need to urinate
  • Straining to urinate
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder

Your symptoms can then lead to:

  • Sudden inability to urinate
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Stones in your bladder
  • Blood in your urine
  • Damage to your kidneys

Diagnosis of Enlarged Prostate

If your urinary issues are impacting your life, it may be time to seek treatment for your enlarged prostate. The urology specialists at Urological Associates will evaluate your medical history, give you a complete physical, and perform a digital rectal exam. The test, which lasts just minutes, involves inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to determine if it is hard, lumpy or has any other abnormalities. The exam may feel slightly uncomfortable, but pain is minimal. If the urology specialist detects any abnormalities, additional testing may be required, such as:

  • A survey to evaluate the severity of your symptoms
  • A urine flow study to compare your urine stream with a normal flow
  • Urinalysis (urine test) to check for blood or infection
  • A study to determine how much urine remains in your bladder after urination
  • A blood test to screen for prostate cancer
  • Cystoscopy, so the doctor can see the inside of your bladder and urethra

Treatment of Enlarged Prostate

How your urology specialist treats your enlarged prostate will depend on how severe your symptoms are and how much they are affecting your life. Treatment can include:

  • Monitoring your symptoms
  • Suggesting lifestyle changes, such as avoiding alcohol and caffeine
  • Prescribing medication
  • Surgery

Request an Appointment

If you suspect you have an enlarged prostate, please contact us to make an appointment with the experts at Mercy Urology, the best urology clinic in Johnson County.