Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a significant health problem. In fact an estimated 150 million UTIs occur worldwide every year. About 40 percent of women and 12 percent of men will experience at least one UTI during their lifetime. UTIs result when bacteria gets into the urine from the urethra and moves into the bladder. Some people are more prone to UTIs. Women who have gone through menopause or who use diaphragms are at an increased risk for UTIs. Diseases, such as diabetes, also put people at a higher risk.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection
When you have a UTI, the bladder and urethra become irritated. That irritation can cause pain in your abdomen and pelvic area. You may:
- Empty your bladder more often
- Produce just a few drops when attempting to urinate
- Experience burning as your urine comes out
- Lose control of your urine
- Notice your urine smells unpleasant
- Experience cloudy urine
If you experience a fever or back pain, you may have a kidney infection. If you experience these symptoms, see your urology specialist immediately as a kidney infection can become life-threatening if it spreads into your bloodstream. You should also seek medical attention if you see blood in your urine, which can be caused by a UTI but may also indicate a different urinary tract problem.
Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection
To diagnosis if you have a urinary tract infection, your urology specialist may use:
- Urine culture
- CT scan
Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection
Most uncomplicated UTIs are treated with a short course of antibiotics. Some infections, however, may take several weeks to treat with one to four doses of antibiotics daily. Because UTIs can frequently return, it’s important to complete the full course of medication prescribed. It’s also important to drink plenty of liquids, especially when you have a UTI. If your UTI is especially complicated, you may be hospitalized and antibiotics administered intravenously. After that you may have to take oral antibiotics for several weeks.
Request an Appointment
If you suspect you have urinary tract infection, please contact us to make an appointment with the experts at Mercy Specialty Clinics, Urology, the best urology clinic in Johnson County.